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Big Data Architecture Capabilities


17 June 2014

Big Data Architecture Capabilities

Here is a brief outline of Big Data capabilities and their primary technologies:

Storage and Management Capability

Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)

  • An Apache open source distributed file system,
  • Expected to run on high-performance commodity hardware
  • Known for highly scalable storage and automatic data replication across three nodes for fault tolerance
  • Automatic data replication across three nodes eliminates need for backup
  • Write once, read many times

Cloudera Manager

  • Cloudera Manager is an end-to-end management application for Cloudera’s Distribution of Apache Hadoop,
  • Cloudera Manager gives a cluster-wide, real-time view of nodes and services running; provides a single, central place to enact configuration changes across the cluster; and incorporates a full range of reporting and diagnostic tools to help optimize cluster performance and utilization.

Database Capability

Oracle NoSQL

  • Dynamic and flexible schema design. High performance key value pair database. Key value pair is an alternative to a pre-defined schema. Used for non-predictive and dynamic data.
  • Able to efficiently process data without a row and column structure. Major + Minor key paradigm allows multiple record reads in a single API call
  • Highly scalable multi-node, multiple data center, fault tolerant, ACID operations
  • Simple programming model, random index reads and writes
  • Not Only SQL. Simple pattern queries and custom-developed solutions to access data such as Java APIs.

Apache HBase

  • Allows random, real time read/write access
  • Strictly consistent reads and writes
  • Automatic and configurable sharding of tables
  • Automatic failover support between Region Servers

Apache Cassandra

  • Data model offers column indexes with the performance of log-structured updates, materialized views, and built-in caching
  • Fault tolerance capability is designed for every node, replicating across multiple datacenters
  • Can choose between synchronous or asynchronous replication for each update

Apache Hive

  • Tools to enable easy data extract/transform/load (ETL) from files stored either directly in Apache HDFS or in other data storage systems such as Apache HBase
  • Uses a simple SQL-like query language called HiveQL
  • Query execution via MapReduce

Processing Capability


  • Defined by Google in 2004.
  • Break problem up into smaller sub-problems
  • Able to distribute data workloads across thousands of nodes
  • Can be exposed via SQL and in SQL-based BI tools

Apache Hadoop

  • Leading MapReduce implementation
  • Highly scalable parallel batch processing
  • Highlycustomizableinfrastructure
  • Writes multiple copies across cluster for fault tolerance

Data Integration Capability

Oracle Big Data Connectors, Oracle Loader for Hadoop, Oracle Data Integrator

  • Exports MapReduce results to RDBMS, Hadoop, and other targets
  • Connects Hadoop to relational databases for SQL processing
  • Includes a graphical user interface integration designer that generates Hive scripts to move and transform MapReduce results
  • Optimized processing with parallel data import/export
  • Can be installed on Oracle Big Data Appliance or on a generic Hadoop cluster

Statistical Analysis Capability

Open Source Project R and Oracle R Enterprise

  • Programming language for statistical analysis
  • Introduced into Oracle Database as a SQL extension to perform high performance in- database statistical analysis
  • Oracle R Enterprise allows reuse of pre-existing R scripts with no modification


[1] Oracle Information Architecture: An Architect’s Guide to Big Data, An Oracle White Paper in Enterprise Architecture, August 2012. 

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